Study reveals that the Mediterranean Diet may reduce the risk of breast cancer by up to 40%
A new Dutch Study for the World Cancer Research has found that the Mediterranean Diet may help reduce the risk of breast cancer by up to 40%.
The diet, which consists of nuts, fish, and fruit may cut the risk of oestrogen- receptor-negative cancer.
The Mediterranean diet have already proven to show many benefits including reducing the risk of strokes and heart disease according to The Journal.
The study was published in the International Journal of Cancer on Monday, and it suggests that the diet could also significantly reduce the chances of women getting oestrogen-receptor-negative (ER-negative) breast cancer, a postmenopausal form of the disease that cannot be treated with hormone therapy, according to The Journal.
The recent study used a large sample size of 62,573 women aged 55 to 69 spanning over two decades. All of the women were participants in the Netherlands Cohort Study examining diet and cancer, which began in 1986.
The diet has a low intake of red meat, sweets and refined grains such as white bread or white rice, and alcohol.
Of the women included in the study, 3,354 contracted breast cancer, but 1,033 of the cases were not included in the analysis because the women had a history of breast cancer and/or had incomplete or inconsistent dietary data.
The researchers concluded that, assuming causality, if everyone ate the highest defined Mediterranean diet, around a third (32.4%) of ER-negative breast cancer cases and 2.3% of all breast cancer cases could be avoided.
So what is the Mediterranean Diet?
According to The Mayo Clinic, these are the diet emphasises:
- Eating primarily plant-based foods, such as fruits and vegetables, whole grains, legumes and nuts
- Replacing butter with healthy fats such as olive oil and canola oil
- Using herbs and spices instead of salt to flavor foods
- Limiting red meat to no more than a few times a month
- Eating fish and poultry at least twice a week
- Enjoying meals with family and friends
- Drinking red wine in moderation (optional)
- Getting plenty of exercise